Russia, Lenin’s Mausoleum

It was quite an early start this morning because our first visit of the day was to the Lenin Mausoleum in Red Square and we were warned that there was a strong possibility of long queues.

Since Perestroika fewer Russian people bother to visit the permanently preserved body of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin lying in State in his glass coffin but there are still large visitor numbers every day which are swollen by several dozen coach loads of tourists because this is now a top Moscow mawkish visitor attraction.

It is only open for four days a week and the opening hours are short so if you get there too late then it is possible to line up for an hour or two and then reach the front of the queue only to coincide with closing time and be turned away so Galina was mindful of this when she hurried us from the coach and to the back of the queue lining up at the entrance to Red Square.

It wasn’t a long queue but the army guards on duty only allowed a few people through at a time and this was only to go through the first check point to get to a second three hundred metres in front.  This meant that progress was tediously slow and it was about now that we discovered that Russian people are equally as bad as French or Greeks when it comes to line discipline and waiting times didn’t really matter to them so we had to be on our guard to make sure people didn’t push in.

Eventually it was our turn to go through the gate in the metal security fence and we made our way to the more rigorous checkpoint at the entrance to the mausoleum gardens.

Cameras and mobile phones are strictly forbidden because the authorities don’t want snapshots of Comrade Lenin turning up on the internet in peoples’ Blogs or Trip Advisor reviews so they have to be left in a locker room and if anyone tries to defy this and is caught by the thorough security checks then their punishment is to be sent to the back of the queue to start lining up all over again!

Sticking to the rules we got through without incident and made our way past the gardens with their memorials and wall plaques commemorating the lives of previous Soviet leaders and monsters and dubious heroes of the USSR and approached the mausoleum where there was a third and final check by army guards before being allowed to go through the entrance.

There was bright sunshine in Red Square but inside it was dark and gloomy so because of the contrast it took our eyes a while to adjust and this was rather dangerous because almost immediately we had to follow some black dog-leg marble stairs down into the underground chamber where Lenin is lying in his glass tomb.

Lenin, Lying In State – Forever…

It is quite common of course for World leaders, heroes and famous people to lie in State in this way so that the public can pay their last respects but usually it is only for a few days until a proper funeral can be arranged but poor old Vladimir Ilyich Lenin has suffered the indignity of being on continuous display in this way for almost one hundred years!

Exhibiting his body like this was totally against his wishes and also those of his family but his successor Stalin overruled this and when he was satisfied that the preservation process had been successful arranged for him to go on permanent display with what I detected as “I’m a celebrity, get me out of here” sort of look on his troubled and chemically embalmed face.

Queuing up like this to spend a few seconds looking at a mummified corpse might seem like a strange thing to do but I was fascinated to be able to do this and to be able to see for myself one of the men who shaped the twentieth century and the cold war world of my childhood – a world of spies and espionage, nuclear weapons, underground fallout shelters for the great and the good and the constant nagging fear of Armageddon.

Of course I wanted to see him, I’d go and see the preserved body of Adolf Hitler if someone hadn’t poured petrol on it and set it alight!

When Lenin died in January 1924 he was acclaimed as ‘the greatest genius of mankind’ and ‘the leader and teacher of the people’s of the whole world’.  Time Magazine named him one of the one hundred most important people of the twentieth century (Albert Einstein was first and Mahatma Ghandi and Theodore Roosevelt close runners-up).

According to the article in Encyclopaedia Britannica: ‘If the Bolshevik Revolution is, as some people have called it, the most significant political event of the twentieth century, then Lenin must for good or ill be considered the century’s most significant political leader… he has been regarded as both the greatest revolutionary leader and revolutionary statesman in history, as well as the greatest revolutionary thinker since Marx’.

Lenin's Mausoleum

Russia chooses to continue to remember Lenin in this way where elsewhere the legacy is being systematically dismantled. During the Soviet period, many statues of Lenin  were erected across Eastern Europe but many of these have subsequently been removed.  Russian lawmakers from the ruling United Russia party and the opposition Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) have agreed a proposal to remove all statues of Lenin from Russian cities, citing high maintenance costs and vandalism concerns as some of the main reasons. The proposal is being strongly opposed by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.

Many places and entities were named in honour of Lenin. The city of Saint Petersburg, the site where both February and October revolutions started, was renamed Leningrad in 1924, four days after Lenin’s death but in 1991 after a contested vote between Communists and liberals, the Leningrad government reverted the city’s name to Saint Petersburg.

For a man responsible for the revolution and its legacy and the bloody elimination of the Romanovs he looked paradoxically rather gentle lying there with outstretched arms, one clenched in continuous communist defiance, in his black suit and favourite white spotted tie, his carefully groomed ginger beard and a slightly yellowing skin.

The body is removed every few months for running repairs, the application of more preservation chemicals and to be fitted up in a new suit.  There are rumours, stridently denied by the authorities, that this isn’t the body of Lenin at all and that the preservation process owes more to Madame Tussaud’s than the skill of the laboratory embalmer but it would be impossible to do a detailed investigation or stop for a while and look for waxy evidence because if anyone pauses for even a moment there is a guard in the room who immediately instructs them to move on and this means that time in the chamber is no longer than a few seconds before ascending the stairs on the opposite side and emerging blinking back into the sunlight.

We left the mausoleum gardens and went back into Red Square and went to get our cameras.  This meant going back out of the security fencing and once I had retrieved our property was refused entry back inside without going through the queuing up and security process all over again all of which seemed a bit unnecessary but appeared rather dangerous to argue with the armed guards and thankfully it didn’t take too long.

55 responses to “Russia, Lenin’s Mausoleum

  1. May be of similar considerations, my wife wants to visit the tomb of Napoleon?
    Russia and the psychology of its people are affected by this “great man”. I think the majority of Russians would prefer that he did not exist in the history.


  2. I liked my brush with Mr Lenin in Latvia, where he’s no longer so popular and is displayed Lying In Crate.


  3. Yes, one hand open and the other in a fist, he lies in the mausoleum. I was so fascinated when I visited I think I kinda came out speechless. I also remembered being consistently reminded to move in the dark space, not stop or breathe too hard and not lay a finger anywhere. Wonderful experience.


  4. I would want to see him too (and Hitler)! Although I passed up Chairman Mao when I saw the length of the queue. I have always wondered whether that body was for real. Thanks for a fascinating post Andrew


  5. So which is more grand and ostentatious? Napoleon’s in Paris? Christopher Columbus in Seville?


  6. There’s something quite dramatic about four men carrying a tomb (four representing the kingdoms of Spain at the time). But Napoleon’s red tomb with all these statues surrounding it has quite the grandeur too. Is Lenin’s as elegant?


  7. Good lord I had no idea that his body is on display like this. Your account was fascinating and so detailed that I feel as if I had been shuffling along the line and having encounters with those guards. After going through all that business to *see* the great man it’s unbelievable that they don’t allow you to stop for a second. Sheesh.


  8. These preserved bodies of dead eladers are very creepy, but I’m sure I would stand in line to see Lenin, too. Thanks for the tour, so if I never go I will have at least experienced it vicariously and if I do go, I’ll know what to expect.

    I found this macabre humor about preserving dictators.


  9. I intend to go back and read Richard’s account, but I understand there were many in Riga extremely happy to see Lenin’s ugly statue come down.


  10. Wow I enjoyed reading this. I saw Lenins body in 1995 and I have to say he looked totally different to the picture here. Also the mausoleum was much simpler- the queues were the same!
    I’ve written several blogs about Russia. Maybe you would like to read them at


  11. Reminds me of my trip in the mid 80s. USSR was quite something!
    Thanks for the detailled post.


  12. Andrew I must admit I am with the skeptics on this one. At the least over the years this must be more wax than actual remains. Quite the take on the theme of containers!


  13. How fascinatingly creepy. I hope that they never send him away because I definitely want to see him if ever I’m in Moscow. Thanks for the preview.


  14. I love this. Maybe Madame Tussaud’s work is here.
    Now I wonder about the display of chairman Mao in China or anyone else anywhere in the world. Madame Tussaud had made this all possible, it seems. 😀


  15. The architecture always amazes me. Interesting post, I had no idea Lenin was “on display.”


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  22. Interesting . . . but I don’t think I’d go see him … it.
    Question . . . if they had a wax statue . . . would you know the difference?


  23. After reading right through the post And the comments I still can’t decide if I would have bothered to go


  24. I bet when you engaged in those 2014 comments about dismantling statues you had no idea what 2020 would bring to our shores


  25. Well done the United Russia party and the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) for putting into practice my cunning plan for getting rid of statues of dubious heroes. And if the Communist Party of the Russian Federation think that statues of Lenin should still stand, they can be given a few freebies to erect on their own property.


  26. My word, I never knew this existed! I too think Madame Tussauds have something to do with this … or maybe it’s just because it’s creepy to think it’s his actual body laying there. Very interesting!


  27. I guess it has to be done. When i went to Hanoi, HCM was in Moscow for repairs!


  28. I was barked at by a guard to remove my transition glasses which hadn’t faded quickly enough as we came out of the sun. Apparently, wearing sunglasses in the presence of the great man is an insult. Naturally, I obliged, although it meant I couldn’t see a damn thing!


  29. I’m with you! I would totally stand in line to view the corpse; even knowing there is a question of whether it’s a real corpse or not. It’s definitely creepy-looking. Apparently they let someone photograph it.


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