Early Days, 1955 Part Three – Disney, McDonald’s and La Résistance

1955 disney

“The people of McDonald’s need guidance. They need to be told that Europe is not Disneyland…. It should look like a normal European bistro and nothing to tell you from the outside that this is a McDonald’s except for a discreet golden arches sticker on each window and a steady stream of people with enormous asses going in and out of the front door.” – Bill Bryson, ‘Neither here Nor there

The year 1955 unleashed another American icon on the world when Walt Disney opened his Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California.

Sixteen years later the World Disney World resort opened in Orlando, Florida and although I have never been to California I went to Disney World three times in the 1990’s which was good fun but at least one time too many.  My young children enjoyed it of course but I tired of the theme parks fairly quickly and looking back I would have to say that I liked EPCOT most of all and here in Walt’s own personal dream my favourite was the World Showcase.

Disney World Epcot

In 1955 Disney and McDonald’s almost got together when Ray Kroc wrote to Walt Disney offering a deal: “I have very recently taken over the national franchise of the McDonald’s system. I would like to inquire if there may be an opportunity for a McDonald’s in your Disneyland Development.” The story goes that Walt was too busy to deal with the matter himself so he passed it on to the President in charge of concessions.  Allegedly he agreed but wanted to increase prices by 50% with all the extra profit going to Disney.  Kroc refused and it was to be another thirty years before they worked together.

I am not sure just how big a set-back that was because since then McDonald’s has globalised and like a giant tsunami swept into every continent  in the World, the company has more than forty thousand restaurants in over a hundred countries, with two million employees and serving nearly seventy-five million people every day which is a staggering 7.5% of the World’s population – but perhaps some people go twice!

Although a lot of us deny ever dining there most of us secretly do.  Take the French for example.

The French are famously snooty and protectionist about all things Gallic and they didn’t take very kindly to Micky Mouse when plans were revealed to open a Disney theme park in Paris and the proposal was a subject of fierce debate and controversy.

I like France but the country has a massive unjustified superiority complex and the French are so up themselves about things like wine and food and language whilst they turn a blind eye to dog poop on the pavements in Paris, too much garlic in their food and Charles Aznavour as a cultural icon.

As Disney threatened, French intellectuals and conservative republican traditionalists denounced what they considered to be the cultural imperialism of Euro Disney and argued that it would encourage in France an unhealthy American type of consumerism.  But they were powerless to stop it and it opened anyway in April 1992.  There was one final act of defiance in June of the same year when a group of French farmers blockaded Euro Disney in protest of farm policies supported at the time by the United States.

As heirs to the revolutions of 1789, 1830, 1848 and 1968 French farmers in gilet jaune  need of course only the tiniest excuse to raise a barricade, shut down motorways and burn tractor tyres.  Booking a ferry ticket from Dover to Calais always includes that inherent risk.

Today the theme park, rebranded as Disneyland Paris, welcomes over fifteen million guests a year and half of these visitors are from France and that is more than 10% of the population of the country!

And this statistic raises another important issue.  The French boast that with over eighty million people a year they are the most visited country in Europe but it turns out that 10% of these visitors are going to Disneyland and think they are in the USA!

EPCOT France

After language the French get most uptight about food and for McDonald’s the battle for France was one of the most difficult.  The first outlet was opened in the Paris suburb of Créteil in 1972 and in 1999 a farmer turned environmental activist and anti-globalisation protester Jose Bové gave a whole new meaning to the term ‘drive-through’ when he vandalised a McDonald’s in the town of Millau in the south of France by driving a tractor into it.

jose-bove

At the time he was running for President and must have thought this would be popular with the French electorate but he was no match for Le Big Mac and this act of folly completely scuppered his chances. The French it seems didn’t want a modern day Asterix the Gaul swinging a battle axe heading up their government. The first round of the presidential election was held  and Bové finished an embarrassing tenth, getting barely one percent of the total vote.

By then, the Gallic dam was well and truly breached, McDonald’s was expanding rapidly in the land of classic cuisine and fine dining and had three hundred more restaurants than when Bové began his futile campaign.  The company was pulling in over a million people per day in France and annual turnover was growing at twice the rate it was even in the United States.  Against McDonald’s, Bové had lost in a sticky landslide of mayonnaise, milkshake and ketchup.

He spent a few weeks in jail but unbelievably went on to become a representative at the European Parliament.  Little wonder the people of the UK want to leave!

More evidence of French snobbery…

“Lots of people around the world are completely bemused by the fact that French people want a McDo at all. Many of us see gastronomy in France as something to be cherished and a visit to McDo is letting the side down and a slap in the face to the heritage of French cuisine.” – a patriotic French website

Even though the French still maintain that they despise the fast food chain an awful lot of people eat there. Across France there are nearly twelve hundred restaurants and in Paris alone there are almost seventy restaurants under the golden arches with even more dotted around the outer suburbs. That’s much the same as London, but with only a third of the population.  McDonald’s, or “McDo” as it is known, is France’s dirty secret.   In 2017 sales exceeded five billion euros.

That is more than it generates in the UK and in terms of profit, France is second only to the United States itself and it has the most locations per capita in Europe and the fourth-highest rate in the world ( USA, Japan, China are the top three, the UK is seventh).  It is now so firmly a part of French culture that the menu includes McBaguette and Croque McDo and in 2009 McDonald’s reached a deal with the French museum, the Louvre, to open a McDonald’s restaurant and McCafé on its premises by their underground entrance which is probably why over eight million people visit the Museum every year, not to see the most famous painting in the World but to get a Big Mac and Large Fries!

Mona Lisa with Fries

Statistically (but questionably) France is the most visited country in the World but most likely because most people want to go to eat at McDonald’s.

Click on an image to scroll through the Gallery…

In the world of national and international politics, in this year Winston Churchill resigned as Prime Minister in Great Britain and Juan Peron, who was famously married to Eva Duarte, or Evita as we popularly know her, was overthrown from power in a coup in Argentina.  Cardiff became the official capital of Wales, Austria was restored to the status of sovereign independent state and faithfully promised the world to remain forever neutral and the Soviet Union finally declared the end of the Second-World-War with Germany.

In sport the 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 24 Hours motor race when a racing car involved in an accident flew into the crowd, killing the driver and eighty-two spectators which in terms of human casualties was, and hopefully always will be, the most catastrophic accident in the history of motor sport.

mcdonalds-france

36 responses to “Early Days, 1955 Part Three – Disney, McDonald’s and La Résistance

  1. Yes, the French and their self-declared cultural, linguistic, and culinary superiority over everything US!

    It’s unheard of people from other countries making similar claims of superiority! I mean, some of us occasionally cross paths with people claiming such superiority, but how can that be when they also claim self-deprecation as a virtue?

    . . . anyway, those French! Whatcha gonna do . . .

    Interesting post, as always. I knew about the Disney stuff, but not the McD history across the pond. Thanks.

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    • Yes, McDonald’s created quite a stir in France. I went to a McDonald’s in France a couple of years ago and I think it was the busiest that I have ever been into. Had to wait ages for the order!

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  2. Heck of a lot of research for this post Andrew 👍👍. On a personal level, never been to a Disney, nor Alton Towers for that matter, only been into a MacDonalds twice in my entire life and that was one too many! And ….. French wine from Burgundy IS superior! (You knew I was going to write that didn’t you!)

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Hahaha des de like inferiority complex here…Mcdo is everywhere even in england lol.even in Kensington! Disney land made some business mistakes (like no wine served) but adjusted and now thé largest visitors age british (for now until brexit). Epcot orlando agree is better but thé French pavillon there la awesome lol lived many years been over 20 times and cousin lives near it last visited 2009…la vie est belle!!!

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  4. Croque McDo? Thanks for my laugh of the day.

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  5. Large crowds put me off anywhere

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  6. The French feel superior? You mean even more than Americans?

    Liked by 1 person

  7. I live in France and don’t find the French half as snooty as you would like them to be.. 😉

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  8. I’m not over fond of McDonalds food, it fills a hole for a short time,

    I wasn’t too impressed with the french food either when I was in Paris, but I was wowed by the Italian food, in Rome

    I’ve had one decent meal, perhaps two if I stretch it a bit in the USA, excepting for some Thai food I had in Boston which was superb, American food seems very ordinary.
    The Chinese restaurants in San Francisco are tops, could live on their food.

    I suppose that if one goes to those very expensive NY restaurants for example one would get some fine food, but for the ordinary people like me, Sorry!

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  9. By the time I got to Charles Aznavour I was spluttering! Ok, to add to my confession last time that I had never eaten in McDonalds I will add that I have never been to any Disneyland. Not having kids has inoculated me from these experiences 😉.

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    • Two years ago I was in France near Disneyland Paris but didn’t go there. Other people at the camp site went and complained that it was soooooooo expensive. I took my grandchildren horse riding and on a bike ride instead. They didn’t complain.

      Liked by 1 person

  10. Hey, McDs is big on French Fries, right. The French should be proud. (grin) I remember at some point or the other, America was irked at France and wanter to change the name of French fries. Good post, Andrew. Just like in the US, the appeal of standardized, cheap food seems irresistible. I often decry the disappearance of local diners with their regional foods. Now a half dozen fast food franchises are found on every corner. –Curt

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    • Belgium claims that the description ‘French Fries’ originated due to a linguistic misunderstanding, because in old English ‘to French’ meant ‘cut into sticks’ and because US soldiers in the Second-World-War called them French Fries on account of the fact that the official language of Belgium at the time was French.

      In UK we called fried potatoes chips and what you call chips we call crisps!

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  11. Great post Andrew. Funny but… true

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