Krakow, Wieliczka Salt Mine

Going Underground at Wieliczka

“Wherever he saw a hole he always wanted to know the depth of it. To him this was important.” –  Jules Verne –  ‘Journey to the Centre of the Earth’

It wasn’t all that long ago, certainly within my lifetime, that people were sent to carry out hard labour in salt mines as a punishment.  They probably still are.  The Soviets especially liked compelling people to go deep underground (usually in Siberia) to mine the precious commodity but today things have changed and we were actually paying for the privilege of dropping down towards the centre of the earth.

The hotel clerk tried to persuade me to book a personal taxi tour but at forty zlotys more each (£10) this seemed an unnecessary expense so I booked the regular tour instead.  This meant that to begin with there was a couple of shuttle bus journeys to reach the final rendezvous point across the river Vistula on the western side of the town where we separated into two groups, one for the Nazi concentration camp tour to Auschwitz and the other to the salt mines just a fifteen minute ride away on the outskirts of the city.

It was still rather overcast as we drove the short distance but it was much warmer today and by the time  we arrived at the Wieliczka Salt Mine the sun was beginning to compete with the milky clouds  and we left the bus and walked to the entrance to meet our guide for the tour.

We were soon to be swallowed up into an underground labyrinth of tunnels so the weather was actually rather irrelevant.

The mine is in the suburb town of Wieliczka that is now part of the greater Krakow metropolitan area and since the thirteenth century has continuously produced high quality table salt.

It has been one of the world’s oldest operating  mines producing salt for seven hundred years until commercial mining was discontinued in 1996 due to low prices and flooding problems, followed by formal closure in 2007.  It now produces just sixty tonnes of salt a day which sounds rather a lot but this is only a by-product of routine maintenance operations.

The largest underground salt mine in the World is in Goderich in Ontario Canada which produces twenty-five thousand tonnes of salt every day, which might sound like an awful lot but is only about 5% of Worldwide production!  That is a lot of salt!

Journey to the Centre of the Earth…


Today the mine is a tourist attraction and about one million, two hundred thousand people visit every year.  This might seem like a strange sort of place to visit but the attraction is a collection of statues and an entire cathedral that have been carved out of the rock salt by the miners over the years – presumably during their tea breaks.

So impressive are the sculptures that in 1978 the Wieliczka salt mine was placed on the original UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

After we were assigned an English speaking guide who welcomed us on the tour and then the visit began with a long descent down a vertical shaft which meant negotiating over three hundred vertiginous wooden steps that zigzagged past fifty-four platforms down to the first level.  From here we were about to enter a maze of tunnels and interconnecting chambers that are over two hundred miles long and probably puzzling enough to confuse even the Minotaur of Greek legend.

The Underground Pope and a Cathedral…

 wieliczka salt mine

We walked through disused and exhausted chambers, passing by whole forests of timber props and retaining walls and through heavy wooden doors to reach the first of the sights, the Copernicus Chamber, where for those of us who were expecting statues similar to white marble we were disappointed by the rather lack-luster grey of the rock salt figure and the guide explained that this was due to clay impurities and other contamination in the rock.

Down in the mine we walked for over two miles through a succession of chambers, carved chapels and exhibits that explained the history and the operation.   The route took us to a depth of three hundred and twenty-seven metres and down a precise total of eight hundred steps.  Almost at the bottom was the star of the show where an entire cathedral complete with a statue of the Polish Pope, John Paul II, had been craved into one of the largest caverns where there was a light show accompanied by a rendition of ‘Land of Hope and Glory’, which to all of us seemed to be a rather strange choice of music.

After that there were a few remaining tunnels and chambers and the inevitable gift shops and then thankfully a lift to take us back to the surface, which was preferable of course to having to climb back up the eight hundred steps.

Wieliczka – Discover The Treasure…

Wieliczka Salt Mine advert

Back on the surface of the earth the sky was clearing nicely now and blue patches were rapidly replacing the unwelcome clouds and by the time the coach dropped us off on the edge of the old city centre the sun was shining and the temperature was rising nicely.

In the square we selected a restaurant for lunch based on the contents of the menu board outside but then managed to find ourselves in the wrong place.  We really wanted the Krakow specialty of soup in a hollowed out bread bun so we had to do the embarrassing thing and leave as soon as we had realised the error and relocate ourselves in the correct place next door.

Here we were served our preferred lunch where it was fun trying to anticipate how long it would be before the hot liquid would leak through the crust and end up spilling the scalding liquid spectacularly into our laps.  We wondered if we could attempt this at home but I certainly wouldn’t recommend trying it with a loaf of thin crust supermarket ‘economy’ loaf..

Krakow, Wieliczka Salt Mine


80 responses to “Krakow, Wieliczka Salt Mine

  1. Very nice and let me say a bit rare due to very detailed information on rock salt. If anyone is interested on more information you are very welcome to our website about rock salt:


  2. Truly comprehensive! This is a spectacular place isn’t it Andrew? Our photos struggled a bit to do it justice but the memories live on.

    I love the whole city of Krakow and have family living there.


  3. Also on my must-see places. Hubby was there on a university field trip as an engineering geology student many years ago.


  4. Great post! I really enjoyed reading it. Presently I am working (freelance writer) on a Travel Guide of 150 cities, and Krakow is one of them. Being half-Polish, in addition to what I’ve learned about Krakow, makes me want to visit even more!

    Thanks for sharing.


  5. Thank you. Much appreciated!


  6. Thanks for liking my Ovindoli skiing post. Haven’t been back to Krakow in years, but when I go, I’ll be sure to get to these salt mines. My family would enjoy it.


  7. I’ve wanted to go to Krakow and the salt mines in particular for a while. Your post confirms that the visit should be a unique and memorable experience. I’m also thinking that I now need to add Crazy Mike’s Communist Tour to the list! Thanks for a great post.


  8. One of these day I might make it there. I’ve been hearing about these salt mines for about five years! Great post, Andrew.


  9. I love this place! Visited it last year and I was astounded by it! And agreed, the local soup (chowder if you will) is great too!


  10. Krakow is on my list, so thanks very much for this post! 😉


  11. This would be interesting to see. I don’t think I would like going down all those steps though. It would kill my knees.


  12. Sounds fascinating. I like going to places like this. Thanks for the info!


  13. That is a LOT of steps, glad they had a lift to get you back to the surface. Thanks for the tour! And thanks for visiting my blog.


  14. Wonderful and detailed description of the tour! I love Kracow and visited Wieliczka several times as well. I am originally from Poland, Warsaw, but I visit Krakow more often. It’s a great and coloffull city. 🙂


  15. Hi Andrew. We’re going to spend 3 days in Krakow this summer. So I searched your blog for any entries you might have made. My jinx was right!


  16. I loved your intro. It kept me reading. Touring a salt mine isn’t something I would have considered before, but now it sounds like a place I need to see for myself. And a bread bowl soup luncheon afterward sounds perfect. We have those at several places here in Ohio. I especially like bread bowls filled with chili. 🙂


  17. Certainly sounds like an interesting place…..great informative post 🙂 And thanks for your visit to my blog


  18. What a nice an interesting tour, thank you for that! I know I won’t ever go there but it is nice to live vicariously through other people’s tours and to write it so well, I feel like I was there…the soup didn’t even leak…much (smiles) thank you for visiting my other blog Alecoute-Ntouch by the way, Cheryl-Lynn


  19. Great account. I love Krakow and have friends there. Next time you go try to see Schindler’s Enamel Factory which is now a museum. It is wonderful and very moving.
    Maybe you could read my posts about Krakow.


  20. It sounds like one should be in relatively good shape for the tour. 800 steps down and back up?


  21. I love Krakow but didn’t visit the mine as I’m claustrophobic unfortunately!
    My treasured find was Schindler’s enamel factory. Thanks for this post. I feel as if I have visited now!


  22. It is so hard to believe those statues are built entirely out of salt. Is the coloring a natural hue of the rock salt or was that added by the carvers?


  23. Another reason to visit Krakow – how long did the tour last Andrew?


  24. What a great post. I love Krakow but I haven’t been to the salt mines but then it’s been that long so perhaps it’s time LOL! Thanks for sharing. I’ll definately do this next time around.


  25. P.S. Thanks for coming to my blog. 🙂


  26. Thanks for the informative post. I will be in Krakow this summer and wasn’t sure about the salt mine. Now of course I will need to also check out the Crazy Mikes Communist Tour 🙂


  27. Very cool


  28. Merci @Andrew Petcher
    Votre Site est un trésor pour moi


  29. I’m glad they had a lift, I wondered if you would have to climb those 800+ steps to get back to the surface. I’ve had soup in a “bread bowl,” and it’s always stayed inside. I hope yours did, too.


  30. I really liked the top picture, it’s very captivating!

    Liked by 1 person

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  40. I don’t like enclosed spaces underground so I’d have passed on this one.


  41. Fascinating – especially that they could preserve some creative energy


  42. Did you get a souvenir of rock salt. And is the finished product the same as sea salt?


  43. Fascinating! I’d never heard of this place with its salt cathedral.


  44. I think that the tour would be very interesting, Andrew. Thanks. The role that salt has played in history is fascinating. But, no thanks, I would not want to work there, or in a coal mine, or in any kind of mind! –Curt


  45. . . . did you get a complimentary piece of salt as a souvenir? Did the soup have enough salt?

    I remember reading about this place. It always seemed strange that miners were also carving artists. But, that’s the way the story goes.

    I also read about the Detroit Salt Mine after we moved away from Michigan, or we might have taken the then-available tours (although Melisa isn’t a fan of caves and cave tours)


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